Question: What Gave Chartres Cathedral Special Status Among Devotees Of The Virgin Mary?


Why is Chartres cathedral so special?

Because of the unity of its architecture and decoration, the result of research of the first Gothic era, its immense influence on the art of Middle Age Christianity, Chartres Cathedral appears as an essential landmark in the history of medieval architecture.

What is Chartres known for?

Chartres is best known for its cathedral, the Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres, which is considered one of the finest and best preserved Gothic cathedrals in France and in Europe. Its historical and cultural importance has been recognized by its inclusion on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

What is Chartres Cathedral best known as?

Chartres Cathedral, also known as the Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres (French: Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres ), is a Roman Catholic church in Chartres, France, about 80 km (50 miles) southwest of Paris, and is the seat of the Bishop of Chartres.

What does the Chartres Cathedral symbolize?

The towering Gothic cathedral, marking the center of the town of Chartres, somehow captures the spirit of the 13th century — the so-called Age of Faith — in the 21st century.

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What is the largest cathedral in the world?

St. Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City, the largest church in the world. List.

Name Seville Cathedral
Built 1401–1528
City Seville
Denomination Catholic (Latin)
Notes Largest Gothic religious building in the world.


What is special about the Amiens Cathedral?

What is special about the Amiens cathedral? It is an archetypical Gothic cathedral. He simplified, clarified, and unified the plan of Amiens Cathedral.

How far is Paris from Chartres?

Paris to Chartres by train

Journey time From 59m
Distance 48 miles (78 km )
Frequency 15 trains per day
First train 03:09
Last train 09:24


Why is Chartres called la capitale de la lumière?

About Chartres The Romans named to town as Autricum. In the 11th century Chartres becomes an intellectual and spiritual centre with the nick name ” Capitale de la lumière et du parfum”, the capital of light and perfume. In 1328 the town becomes part of the French kingdom.

What is the largest cathedral in France?

The biggest cathedral in France – Cathedrale Notre-Dame d’Amiens.

What is Gregorian chant most closely associated with?

Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin (and occasionally Greek) of the Roman Catholic Church. Gregorian chant developed mainly in western and central Europe during the 9th and 10th centuries, with later additions and redactions.

What is the purpose of a flying buttress?

The flying buttress (figure 2) is a strut designed to move compressive force (generated by the passive outward thrust of the vaults and active thrusts of wind loading on the roof) to a set of appropriately resistant pylons (the buttresses ) situated away from the body of the building.

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Did Chartres Cathedral burn?

The people of Chartres built a new one, but unfortunately, it lasted only a century and was burnt down when the Viking leader Hastings torched the city in 858. Undeterred, the people soon had a third cathedral, which was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and consecrated in 876.

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