- 1 Who made the Virgin and Child Mosaic?
- 2 Who made the Theotokos mosaic?
- 3 Why is the vestibule mosaic important?
- 4 Who succeeded Justinian?
- 5 What is deesis mosaic?
- 6 What was the Byzantine Empire’s most famous form of artwork?
- 7 What 3 periods is Byzantine art broken up into?
- 8 How did iconoclasm affect Byzantine art?
- 9 Where is the Justinian mosaic?
- 10 What is the Justinian mosaic made of?
- 11 Why was Byzantine destroyed?
- 12 What was the symbolic importance of the mosaic over the southwest entryway to Hagia Sophia that depicted Constantine presenting models of Constantinople and Hagia Sophia itself to the Virgin Mary and Jesus?
- 13 Who was last Roman emperor?
- 14 What is Justinian known for?
- 15 Why did Justin I seek help from his nephew Justinian I?
Who made the Virgin and Child Mosaic?
English: The Virgin and Child mosaics are located in the half dome of the apse of the Hagia Sophia. This was the first of the post-iconoclastic mosaics. It was inaugurated on 29 March 867 by Patriarch Photios and the emperors Michael III and Basil I.
Who made the Theotokos mosaic?
Steven Zucker and Dr. Beth Harris. Created by Beth Harris and Steven Zucker.
Why is the vestibule mosaic important?
Southwest vestibule As they entered the narthex of Hagia Sophia, living emperors would have passed under a mosaic of great emperors from centuries past. The mosaic highlights the Byzantine understanding of the Virgin as protector of Constantinople, as well as the importance of imperial patronage.
Who succeeded Justinian?
|Born||Petrus Sabbatius 482 Tauresium, Dardania|
|Died||14 November 565 (aged 83) Great Palace of Constantinople|
What is deesis mosaic?
The Deësis mosaic in Hagia Sophia The monumental Deësis mosaic depicts Christ flanked by the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist approximately two and a half times larger than life. This type of image is referred to as a deësis (δέησις), which means “entreaty,” suggesting an act of asking, pleading, begging.
What was the Byzantine Empire’s most famous form of artwork?
Little sculpture was produced in the Byzantine Empire. The most frequent use of sculpture was in small relief carvings in ivory, used for book covers, reliquary boxes, and similar objects. Other miniature arts, embroidery, goldwork, and enamel work, flourished in the sophisticated and wealthy society of Constantinople.
What 3 periods is Byzantine art broken up into?
Byzantine art and architecture is usually divided into three historical periods: the Early Byzantine from c. 330-730, the Middle Byzantine from c. 843-1204, and Late Byzantine from c. 1261-1453.
How did iconoclasm affect Byzantine art?
In the Byzantine world, Iconoclasm refers to a theological debate involving both the Byzantine church and state. In these decades, imperial legislation barred the production and use of figural images; simultaneously, the cross was promoted as the most acceptable decorative form for Byzantine churches.
Where is the Justinian mosaic?
One of the most famous images of political authority from the Middle Ages is the mosaic of the Emperor Justinian and his court in the sanctuary of the church of San Vitale in Ravenna, Italy.
What is the Justinian mosaic made of?
It was dedicated to the martyr Vitalis, the patron saint of Ravenna. At the time, the city was the capital of the Western Roman Empire. The octagonal structure is made of marble and capped by a lofty terra-cotta dome. The celebrated mosaics were strongly influenced by similar work at Constantinople (Istanbul).
Why was Byzantine destroyed?
According to the traditional view, Byzantine Iconoclasm was started by a ban on religious images by Emperor Leo III and continued under his successors. It was accompanied by widespread destruction of images and persecution of supporters of the veneration of images.
What was the symbolic importance of the mosaic over the southwest entryway to Hagia Sophia that depicted Constantine presenting models of Constantinople and Hagia Sophia itself to the Virgin Mary and Jesus?
What was the symbolic importance of the mosaic over the southwest entryway to Hagia Sophia that depicted Constantine presenting models of Constantinople and Hagia Sophia itself to the Virgin Mary and Jesus? It represented the growing together of Christian and imperial culture.
Who was last Roman emperor?
Romulus Augustulus, in full Flavius Momyllus Romulus Augustulus, (flourished 5th century ad), known to history as the last of the Western Roman emperors (475–476).
What is Justinian known for?
Justinian is best remembered for his work as a legislator and codifier. He also sponsored the codification of laws known as the Codex Justinianus (Code of Justinian ) and directed the construction of several important cathedrals, including the Hagia Sophia.
Why did Justin I seek help from his nephew Justinian I?
Answer: Justin I was the Byzantine emperor from 518. When the northern frontier became endangered by Slavs invading the Balkan provinces, he realized he was incapable of repelling them, so he sought his nephew ´s, Justinian, help.